The extrafine merinos wool is considered the warmest texture above all others: it has a thermoregulatory action thanks to its textures and to the air that remains inside them.
It also absorbs humidity up to the 20% keeping always the ideal microclimate, around the body.
All the sheep races called merino, have convenient very thin wool for fabrics and knitting production.
These animals were present in Spain, since the Roman age.
According to some studious, they were appeared for mutation in Morocco. They were carefully conserved and saved for long times in spite of invasions and wars.
From XVI to XVIII century, their raising was subjected to a harsh monopoly by the nobility and the clergy.
The death penalty was contemplated for those who exported merino sheep out of Spain. The monopoly was stopped when some smugglers managed to take away some garments to the foreign countries through Portugal.
After the end of the monopoly, at the end of 1700, the Spanish kings donated some sheep to the royal families of other countries and this permitted the export them towards the South America, where they were successfully raised.
With the colonization of extra European lands, the merinos developed also in Australia (1793), New Zealand and South Africa.
The Australian merino is considered the king of raised merinos races for the number of garments, the quantity and quality of produced wool.
Like the others merinos, it is completely white race with aptitude to the wool production.
The annual production of a female, that has just been shared, is about 7 kg, while a male can get to 9 kg.
A sheep that produces a wool with less of 60 micron diameter, is called merinos; to be an extrafine merinos, its wool must not exceed the 19,5 micron.
Our knitting in extrafine merino are all guaranteed by the IWS mark.